What do we actually mean by ‘surveying’ the workplace- getting our organisational insight by standing in the penthouse office suite purveying one’s business empire, or pulling up a chair in the basement lunchroom and actually talking to your staff?
While it would be widely recognised that doing the latter on a daily basis for business leaders is just not possible, there are other ways this type of valuable business information can be gained. A key tool for gathering this information is through the use of employee surveys, questionnaires and interviews.
Having said that, there are many reasons why businesses are reluctant to gather this type of organisational information from employees. These include management apathy, the fear of what employees really think and the belief that employee surveys create issues. We’re all familiar with the axiom “if you can’t measure it, you can’t manage it.” Now more than ever it should be a business priority to manage employees utilising this type of information as a key starting point. This means finding out how employees are feeling about their workplace and what they are thinking.
So what are the benefits of conducting these information gathering exercises?
- Increased employee motivation and commitment
- Identification of the strengths within the business
- Attracting and retaining key employees
- Improved performance, productivity and profitability
- Improved teamwork
- Greater customer satisfaction
- Increased quality of product or service delivery
Employee Engagement/Culture Surveys
Businesses that are viewed as great places to work will achieve heightened performance and productivity. How well your business succeeds is largely dependent on the capabilities and motivation of your employees. As an employer, you need to ensure that the working environment is conducive to getting the best out of your employees.
This type of engagement survey looks at how employees feel about their place of work: their physical work environment, their job, their relationships with colleagues, subordinates, superiors and external stakeholders; how their efforts are recognised, what opportunities are available to them, the support offered to them by the organisation, sources of frustration, areas of satisfaction and all the bits in between. The overall aim of gathering this type of information is to implement actions that deliver performance improvement e.g. more engaged employees, more satisfied customers, and a more profitable or successful organisation.
360 Degree Individual Development Surveys
This type of survey is used as part of the employee development process. Individuals receive a full-circle of feedback on their performance, not just from one person, typically “the boss” or team leader. The information gained is beneficial in that it increases an individual’s awareness of how their performance is viewed by others, and how it compares to their own view of their performance. Analysis of an employee’s answers provides a more complete and realistic view of performance, reflecting the perceptions of people with whom the employee must form positive working relationships in order to perform their job effectively.
360 degree feedback is given against a set of competencies and associated behaviours linked to high performance that reflect the organisation’s vision and values translated into day-to-day behaviours.
Viewing performance in this way means the information can be used as a catalyst for change for improving employee performance directly linked to competencies required to perform their job and development for future roles or organisational needs. Recommendations based on the 360-degree feedback can highlight any issues that need addressing, both in the short and long term and how to build on and maintain the performance and behaviours of employees that align with the business’s values and goals.
The overall goal of an exit interview or questionnaire is to identify opportunities for improvement relating to employment or the business itself. They enable an organisation to respond to employee issues and elicit information on how to retain key people. In addition they provide a final opportunity to gather objective insights into what employees see as right and wrong about your business. Exit surveys provide a robust framework to better understand the expectations, assumptions, motivations and drivers that contribute to an individual joining and exiting an organisation. The truth is that while an individual may be faced with some strong factors that serve to ‘push’ them towards leaving an organisation, they may also be faced with an equally strong ‘pull’ towards another organisation, role, culture or team.
Sometimes the reason for an employee leaving an organisation is straight forward and the circumstances for an employee cannot be influenced by the organisation, however often the situation is something the organisation can have an effect on. Often losing an employee comes at a great cost to the organisation including the loss of skills and organisational knowledge, the loss cost of investment in training and the cost of replacing the employee through recruitment and selection, training and reduced productivity while the new employee gets up to speed. The exit interview not only tells an organisation why an employee is leaving but how a repeat of the situation might be avoided for the future. The information gained from the exit survey can highlight trends and resulting recommendations and action plans can focus an organisation on continuing with what it does well and addressing areas for improvement.
A post-appointment survey is a powerful tool to accurately pin-point gaps within the recruitment, selection, and induction process. Research has indicated that the greater the match between the initial expectations of an employee and organisational reality, the less likely this person will leave within the first 12 months of employment. By gathering feedback and evaluating the match between employee perceptions and reality, organisations can measurably improve overall organisational efficiency with regards to its recruitment, selection, and induction processes.
Training Evaluation Surveys
The information from this type of survey is used to analyse what types of training intervention is required to either help an employee to meet their job requirements or developing them to become a high performer. However this is only half the equation as it is not always just the identification of an individual employee’s training needs but the training needs of an organisation as a whole. Is the business about to or just undergone major change? This may relate to implementing a culture change around health and safety, new product development and production, new IT or finance systems to the introduction of a new performance appraisal and reward system to name just a few. Any of these examples usually require a huge commitment to training within an organisation. From the outset the organisation needs to ascertain exactly what training is required, who requires it and to what level. And hence the training evaluation survey was born!
Training needs analysis by way of survey or questionnaire is the formal process of identifying training gaps and training needs within an organisation. An organisation’s investment in training does not usually come cheap so ensuring the right training is put in place at the right time, with the right people needs to be carefully assessed to ensure the end result is not a costly mistake but an overall performance improvement across the business.
Today’s workplace surveys have a strategic focus in identifying the connections between employee experiences and engagement levels with bottom-line performance. Employers using workplace surveys as a valuable business tool are able to use them as a source of competitive advantage because it allows them to effectively manage their most important asset – their workforce.